Wood Carving Merit Badge

Text Box: The Scout needs to get the Totin’ Chip from there Scout Master.

Totin’ Chip Outline

Objectives - By the end of these sessions you should be able to:
	Name the parts of the ax and pass an ax correctly
	Know how to sharpen an ax
	Know how to setup an ax yard correctly
	Know how to use a knife, take care of it properly and sharpen a knife
	Use and carry a saw properly

Location - To be done outside if possible

Materials - axe, hatchet, sheath, rope, knives (pocketknives, lock blades), collapsible saw,
sharpening file, sharpening stone.

1. Parts of the ax - (Go over parts of the axe throughout session for repetition)

2. Passing - Questions:
Who knows the correct why to hold an ax? (Hold the ax incorrectly and ask the scouts if
it is the right way to hold an ax). When the scouts have determined that the way you are
holding the ax is incorrect ask: "Why is it unsafe to hold the ax the way I am?" The
correct way is to hold it by the axe's shoulder and heel. The ax handle rests along the
persons arm and the ax bit points down.
Why is this a good way to carry an ax? It helps prevent people getting hurt when a person
carrying an ax falls. An ax should never be waived in the air and held still when being
Who knows the correct way to pass an ax? Try passing it incorrectly and ask if it is
correct. As a scout to come up to you and try passing the ax incorrectly to them. Some
ideas of passing the ax incorrectly is passing the ax across your bodies, pass with the ax
bit facing you or the scout and pass the ax with the head the wrong side up (When
showing the incorrect way to pass the ax NEVER let go of the ax).
The proper way is to pass the ax along the side of the body with the bit facing out and
never across the body. If the passer passes the ax with his right hand then the receiver
will take the ax with his left hand and vice versa.
What do you say when receiving an ax? Thank you - It lets the passer know you have
control of the ax
Important notes:
Keep heavy end (head) down.
Down pass across the body Must say "Thank you" after have ax Bit to the side
Activity: Get in a circle and pass the ax around. Once the ax has been passed to someone
they must show the correct way to hold the ax. (If large group divide group in two and
have patrol leader take a group to run activity.)

3. Setting up ax yard -
Important notes:
Rope off area. Hold ax by head and move in a circle so you know nothing is around you
to get in the way of a swinging ax. Hold ax above you to make sure there are no low
branches to caught ax while chopping. If some one is in ax yard already, ask permission
before you enter.
People must be 10 feet away before you can chop.
Wear long pants and leather boots
What is wrong with wearing sandals or tennis shoes when chopping wood? If the ax slips
then the sandals and tennis shoes provide no protection for the feet while leather boots do
provide some protection.
Activity: Have the patrol set up an ax yard and then comment on good points and then
bad points of their ax yard.

4. Sharpening ax- clamp ax on bench or table, use a file and start at one end and move the
file down and across the bit.

5. Show different types and sizes of knifes -good and bad points about each.
Small better for young scouts because they are easier to control.
Serrated blades stay sharp but become hard to sharpen.
Stainless steel knives good because they will not rust.

6. Proper Passing a knife - folding and fixed bladed knives. A folding blade knife should
always be passed closed and never across a person. A fixed blade should be passed with
the person passing the knife holding the blade (dull end touching palm of hand).

7. Scouts should only carry a folding blade - While there is no official national rule
against scouts carrying a fix blade most Boy Scout camps do have a policy of no fixed
blades. Older Scouts might remember when the Boy Scouts sold fixed blade knifes which
had about four inch blades. Many scouts decided they wanted bigger knifes so they
started to bring seven and eight inch knifes. In the interest of safety scout camps forbid
them. In most cases only small knife is needed.

8. Opening/closing knife - Have scouts go around opening and closing knife while
passing it. Open and close a knife with both hands.

9. Talk about when and where to use a knife - Only during day, not around
Someone (campfire, middle of walkway). Why is it a bas idea to use a knife at night even
if their is a full moon? There is not enough light to be able to see what is being cut.

10. Show how to sharpen a knife on dry stone - 35 - 45 degree angle away from the body.

11. Show proper way to carry saw - on your side similar to the ax. Blade should be
covered when carrying and passing saw.

12. Passing a saw - blade facing out and not across the body. Receiver says thank you
when he has control of the saw.

Picture of Totin'ChipText Box: Totin’ Chip Test

Based on information found in the Boy Scout Handbook.
Each question is worth up to four points. Need 100 points to pass.

Name: 									Date:
Patrol: 									Score:

1 - Always use (how many) __________ hands to close a pocket knife.
2 - Cut _____________ from you to prevent injury.
3 - What should be done with the blade before passing it to a friend? ___________________
4 - A sharp knife is easier to control then a dull one. True or False? ____________________
5 - Keep your knife sharp and ________________.
6 - The Boy Scouts of America does not encourage the use of __________________ knives.
7 - Sharpen your knife on a ________________ holding the knife at what angle? ________

8 - Name two types of camp saws. a) ________________ b) ____________________
9 - Wear ___________ and protective _______________ when using a saw or ax.
10 - When sawing a branch from a tree, first make an ___________________, then saw from the top down.
11 - When not in use the saw blade should be ______________________.
12 - What is the “set” of the saw blade? _______________________________________.
13 - Use ___________, smooth strokes when sawing.

14 - Name the parts of an ax.
15 - Do not use the ax if the head is __________ or __________.
16 - How much clearance should you have when using an ax?
17 - Always keep an ax ____________________ when not in use.
18 - Chopping branches off a log is called ______________________________.
Cutting a log to lengths is called _________________________________.
19 - Explain the contact method of using an ax.
20 - Hand an ax to another person by holding the handle with the ax head _____________.
21 - Sharpen an ax with a _______________ file and make sure it has a ___________ guard.
22 - When bucking a log, make should that you aim your blows so that you cut a V-shape that is
        ____________ as wide at the top as the log is ______________.

General Stuff.
23 - List two reasons why cutting tools should not be left lying around.
       ______________________________ _______________________________
24 - Respect property. Cut living and dead trees only with ____________ and good ________.
25 - Write the Outdoor Code on the back of this sheet.